Candle Making

Choosing a wick

By December 18, 2020 No Comments

Top tips on Wicks

  1. Measure the width of the candle
  2. Consider the amount of fragrance or colour you are planning to add to the candle. The more colour or fragrance you include the thicker you’ll want your wick to be.
  3. Add a half an ounce to one ounce of essential oils per one pound of wax.
  4. For soy candle making consider using all-natural fragrance oils composed of aromatic isolates from nature and essential oils as they have no additives.
  5. It is important to keep your wicks well labelled and separated since similar sizes look identical. Often the only difference is the tightness of the braiding.

Types of Wicks

1.     Zinc Core Wicks

These are the most commonly used wick type for many types of candles.  They may be used for votives, pillars, and in gel candles.  The wire core in the wick helps the wick to remain standing straight while the candle is being poured and when the candle is lit.

2.     Paper Core Wicks

Paper core wicks burn very hot, which yields a large melt pool.  Usually used only in large contain

3.     CD Series Wicks

The CD series of wicks is a favourite among many seasoned candlemakers.  These wicks are flat braided with a special paper filament woven around them.  This configuration is engineered to promote maximum and consistent burn while insuring a wick trimming flame posture.  The CD series is used in many applications and is especially compatible with the harder-to-melt viscous waxes of both paraffin and vegetable base.

4.     ECO Series Wicks

This natural series is designed specifically for natural waxes.  The ECO series is a flat, coreless cotton/hemp wick braided with thin paper filaments interwoven for burn stability.  This is more rigid compared to standard cotton and paper cored wicks. They have less “afterglow” and smoke than paper cored wicks.  The wick is primed with vegetable wax rather than paraffin wax.

5.       HTP Series Wicks (High Temperature Paper)

Coreless, all cotton braided wicks which are designed to bend at the tip when burning, forcing the tip of the wick into the outermost portion of the flame where it burns hottest.  The result is more complete combustion, leaving less carbon buildup (mushrooming) behind and less smoking.  Can be used in votives, pillars, containers, and gel candles.

6.     LX Series Wicks (German Coreless)

Flat braided cotton wicks, chemically treated with a high melt point wax (212°F).  These wicks are designed to reduce “mushrooming” (build up of carbon at the tip of the wick), reduce smoke and soot, and when used properly these wicks are virtually self-trimming.  Can be used in virtually any application.

7.     Wooden Wicks 

Wooden wicks are relatively new to the candle making industry.  Wooden wicks are for use in containers and should not be used in pillars or votives.  Used in paraffin or soy and best used in the larger ones for soy wax candles since pure soy wax tends to hold in the heat, as well as fragrance. To achieve a good “crackle” sound with the wooden wicks, do not use too much fragrance oil.

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